According to WISRPO’s 5G Standard-Essential Patent (SEP) research report, the current 5G SEP patent right holders are mainly concentrated in seven companies—Samsung, ZTE, Huawei, LG, Nokia, Qualcomm, and Ericsson—with a total of more than 80% of the 5G SEPs, while Huawei has more than 2,000 SEPs.
The US government and enterprises have positioned 5G as a critical strategic technology. Still, the resources invested in the development of 5G product technology (including infrastructure, and SEP, etc.) are lower than Huawei or other Chinese companies, resulting in the US lagging in the 5G race.
According to the IEEE, the US tried to interfere with Huawei’s 5G supply chain from a product perspective through the trade war to slow down the development of Huawei’s 5G. However, with the number of Huawei’s 5G patent applications ranking among the top three in the world, will Huawei be able to use patents as bargaining chips in the future? Will Huawei use patents as a weapon and transform its business model? And does the US have other countermeasures? It is a direction worthy of our continued observation.
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